Interim Budget 2024-25 Analysis



February 1, 2024


The Interim Budget 2024-25, presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on February 1, 2024, highlights India’s significant economic transformation over the past decade. The budget emphasizes inclusive development and growth, focusing on programs that reach every household and individual, notably in rural areas. It addresses social justice, aiming to make India a developed nation by 2047, with a strong focus on empowering the poor, farmers, youth, and women. The budget outlines a vision for India’s future economic policies and developmental strategies, reflecting a commitment to sustainable growth, productivity improvement, and investment generation. It also includes specific measures for sectors like education, healthcare, agriculture, and infrastructure development, aligning with India’s aim to become a developed economy by 2047.


The Interim Budget 2024-25 of India, presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, reflects a strategic approach towards holistic national development, aligning with the vision of making India a developed nation by 2047. It demonstrates a commitment to inclusive growth, emphasizing empowerment and social justice across various sectors. Key highlights include:

  1. Economic Growth and Fiscal Management: The budget showcases India’s economic resilience and growth trajectory, with a focus on maintaining fiscal discipline while stimulating growth through targeted expenditure.
  2. Sectoral Focus: Significant emphasis is placed on critical sectors such as agriculture, healthcare, education, and infrastructure. These investments are geared towards enhancing productivity, improving public services, and fostering sustainable development.
  3. Rural Development and Agriculture: Specific measures to support rural development and agriculture indicate a commitment to uplifting the agrarian sector, addressing the needs of farmers, and enhancing rural incomes.
  4. Healthcare and Education: The budget underscores the importance of human capital development, with increased funding for healthcare and education. This focus aims to improve the quality of life and access to essential services for all citizens.
  5. Infrastructure and Connectivity: Investments in infrastructure, including transportation, digital connectivity, and urban development, are designed to improve national competitiveness and facilitate easier access to markets and services.
  6. Social Welfare and Inclusion: The budget includes initiatives for social welfare, targeting vulnerable populations, and ensuring more equitable distribution of resources. It demonstrates a commitment to reducing disparities and promoting social justice.
  7. Innovation and Technology: Recognizing the importance of technology in modern economies, the budget allocates resources for technological advancement and innovation, positioning India as a forward-thinking, digitally-enabled economy.
  8. Environmental Sustainability: Measures are incorporated to address environmental concerns and promote sustainable practices, reflecting an awareness of climate change and ecological challenges.
  9. Global Positioning and Economic Stability: The budget reflects India’s aspirations on the global stage, balancing domestic priorities with international economic trends and challenges.
  10. Future-Oriented Vision: Overall, the budget presents a future-oriented vision, prioritizing long-term growth, stability, and development, in line with India’s goal of becoming a developed nation by 2047.


Going Forward:

The document titled “Key Features of Budget 2024-2025” outlines the strategic vision and allocations for India’s Interim Budget 2024-25. It emphasizes comprehensive development, focusing on infrastructure (physical, digital, social), financial sector strength, and proactive inflation management. Key areas include inclusive development, support for various demographics (youth, farmers, women), and technological advancements. The budget also focuses on sustainable development, aiming for ‘Net Zero’ by 2070, with initiatives in renewable energy and environmental conservation. Infrastructure and investment strategies are highlighted, indicating plans for major railway corridors and international investment promotion. Emphasis is placed on inclusive development across sectors, including health, housing, tourism, agriculture, and food processing. The document showcases India’s economic resilience and future-oriented strategies for growth and development.


Analysts have provided a diverse range of opinions on the Union Budget 2024, focusing on its implications for fiscal policy, market expectations, and investment strategies. Here’s a summary of their views:

  1. Fiscal Prudence and Infrastructure Focus: Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman emphasized fiscal prudence and a strong push for infrastructure, choosing not to adjust direct or indirect taxes and setting a divestment target of Rs 50,000 crore. Analysts appreciated the government’s adherence to fiscal consolidation, with better-than-expected fiscal deficit targets for FY24 and FY25. The focus on capital expenditure (capex) was highlighted as a positive move for macro stability and was expected to be well received by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)​​.
  2. Capital Expenditure and Industrial Focus: The budget is expected to emphasize development spending, particularly in the infrastructure and industrial sectors, with a special focus on roads, railways, and urban infrastructure. This aligns with the government’s intent to stimulate growth through significant investment in these areas​​.
  3. Investment Strategy Implications: Top analysts discussed how the interim budget might shape investment strategies for 2024 during a pre-budget show. The discussion included insights from CIOs and CEOs of major mutual funds and capital markets, focusing on market expectations and the sustainability of the market rally post-budget. The conversation aimed to provide investors with strategies to navigate the financial landscape in light of the budget announcements​​.
  4. No Major Election Effect: Despite the upcoming general elections, analysts observed no significant “election effect” on the budget, suggesting a continuation of the government’s focus on investments over welfare spending. This approach indicates a strategic decision to prioritize long-term economic stability and growth over short-term electoral gains​​.

Overall, the Union Budget 2024 is seen as a balanced approach towards maintaining fiscal discipline while pushing for growth through infrastructure and industrial investments. The focus remains on long-term stability and growth, aiming to bolster India’s economy in a prudent manner.

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